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WOTD  
Word of the Day - for Toastmasters everywhere
Saturday 17th October 2020
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chasmogamic (adjective) kaz-mo-GAM-ik



Having flowers that open.

The word is interesting since it comes from the Greek chasma, meaning a gap or opening - from which our own word chasm is derived - and gameein, meaning to marry.

Flowers that never open are said to be cleistogamous, the Greek word kleistos meaning closed. The most commonly known cleistogamous flower is the violet - hence the expression shrinking violet, since it avoids contact with others.

In Microlaena, lodicules are absent, or so small as to be almost unnoticed in cleistogamous flowers but larger in chasmogamic flowers.

H.T. Clifford, Cleistogamy in Microlaena stipoides, University of Queensland Papers, 1962.


The chasmogamic flowers may be self- or cross-pollinated (Clewell1966; Crider 1952; Ohwi 1965).

Quoted by R. Busing and W. Vogel in Lespedeza.




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